Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Maker's Marks

Silver Marks ~ Germany ~ Before 1886

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Assay marks for silver purity found on German and Polish silver of the 18th & 19th centuries.
The Loth system divided silver into 16 parts.
16/16 for pure silver 15=.937 14=.875 13=.812 12=.750
German
Hallmarks

Post-1886
Individual City & Town marks were used until ca.1886
Altona Town Mark Altona City Mark
Variations on this three tower mark used since early 18th cent.
Similar to Hamburg mark, but usually with conical towers.
Sometimes with date letter in the gate.
Augsburg Town Mark Augsburg City Mark
Beginning in 1763, a letter
was added below the pomegranate to indicate the date.
Bemberg Town Mark Bemberg City Mark
Variations on the letter B were used from the 17th century through the 19th century, sometimes including a Loth number. Also used was shield cartouche containing a lion rampant with a diagonal slash across it.
Berlin Town Mark Berlin City Mark
Beginning in the mid-18th century, a letter was added within the standing bear's circle to indicate the date.
Bremen Town Mark Bremen City Mark
The key is sometimes seen in a shield shaped cartouche.
Breslau Town Mark Breslau City Mark
Variations on this face were used from the 17th century through the 19th century, sometimes with Loth standard number. In the 19th century 2 digit date letters were added below.
Dessau Town Mark Dessau City Mark
Variations on the block letter D were used from the 17th century through the early 19th century when it was changed to a script letter D.
Dresden Town Mark Dresden City Mark
Variations on the crossed swords and D were used from the early 18th century through the late 19th century.
Elbing Town Mark Elbing City Mark
Now Elblag in Poland
Erfurt Town Mark Erfurt City Mark
Variations on the block letter E were used from the 17th century through the late 18th century. The cartouche shield can be lobed (as example), plain or oval.
Flensburg Town Mark Flensburg City Mark
Depicts a castle tower with a partial lion passant extending to the left from center.
Frankfurt Town Mark Frankfurt am Main City Mark
Illustrated is a late 18th cent. example, earlier versions lacked the standard number and were in a circular cartouche, sometimes with an F on the eagle's breast.
Goerlitz Town Mark Goerlitz City Mark
Sometimes seen with a "12" included above the crown.
Greiffenberg Town Mark Greiffenberg City Mark
Some of the small towns in the Pomerania region of Germany also used the same mark.
Hamburg Town Marks Hamburg City Marks ~ 19th Century
Included with maker's marks. The three tower and gate mark was used from the 17th century and was rendered within of a shield form until the late 18th cent. Beginning in the early 18th century, a letter was placed within the castle gate as a date mark.
HanauTown Mark Hanau City Mark
Seen with or without the loth number above the chevrons. Beginning in the mid 19th Century, hallmarking rules were rescinded and many Hanau silversmiths used antique looking 'fantasy' marks.
KarlsruheTown Mark Karlsruhe City Mark
The diagonal emblazon is sometimes seen across a shield form, rather than the oval illustrated here.
Kassel Town Mark Kassel City Mark
The shield form evolved into a circle in the latter eighteenth century and a date letter was added below.
Kiel Town Mark Kiel City Mark
Stylized nettle leaf, the same mark is used by a number of other cities also located within the Schleswig-Holstein region.
KoenigsbergTown Mark Königsberg City Mark
Illustrated is a mid 19th cent. example, earlier versions lacked the standard (loth) number.
Leipzig Town Mark Leipzig City Mark
Variations on the crossed swords and L were used from the early 18th century through the late 19th century.
Lubeck Town Mark Lubeck City Mark
Variations on the double headed eagle were used from ca.1500 through the 18th century.
Mainz town silver mark Mainz City Mark
Variations on this wheel symbol were used from the 16th through late 19th century. Usually without the crown at the top. The city of Mulhouse also used a wheel, however it is a gear wheel with toothed edges.
Munich Town Mark Munich City Mark (München)
The angel was used, in one form or another, from the 17th century through the late 19th century, date numerals began in the mid 18th century.
Nurnberg Town Mark Nurnberg City Mark (Nuremburg)
Beginning in the 1760's, a date letter was used, but as a separate stamp from the city mark.
Prussia Mark Prussia Region
Tax mark, used between 1809 and 1812, initials stand for King Friedrich Wilhelm.
Saulgau Town Mark Saulgau City Mark
Stade Town Mark Stade City Mark
Similar to Bremen
Stuttgart City Mark
The rearing horse was used in the 16th & 17th centuries. From the 18th through late 19th century, it evolved into a running horse and acquired a date code letter below his belly.
Ulm City Mark
Variations on this shield were used from the 16th through late 19th century. Sometimes without the rabbit ears at the top.





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